The greeks wake in the morning, roused by a war cry from the gods. Following in the footsteps of pounds homer and zukofskys catullus, jarnot reconfigures a pivotal moment in homers epic tale of warfare. The fight begins when helen, the most beautiful woman in the world. New introductions commissioned from todays top writers and scholars. Geared to what todays students need to know, sparknotes provides. Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans. Greeks who crossed the sea to lay siege to troy, a city in modern turkey. Homer calls upon the goddess of poetry and inspiration the muse to sing of achilleus anger. Revisiting the apostrophes to patroclus in iliad 16 chs.
The homeric poems the iliad and the odyssey are epic, because our concept of epic comes from homeric poems. Crowded with characters, both human and nonhuman, and bursting with action, the epic tales detail the fabled trojan war and the adventures of odysseus as he struggles to return home. Odysseus, a clever warrior, makes a speech and motivates the greeks to stay and fight. Homers the iliad starts after the achaians have been at war with the trojans for nine years, trying to retrieve helen of troy, the wife of menelaos who was kidnapped by paris. This way and that did he turn as he yearned after the might and manfulness of patroclus. The iliad sparknotes literature guide series by sparknotes, homer. Homers epic poem the iliad begins in the ninth year of the trojan war, a conflict between the achaeans and the city of troy. Find a summary of this and each chapter of the iliad. Iliad book xviii cambridge greek and latin classics homer. Homers epic poem the iliad tells the story of the trojan war and the epic heroes and gods, including achilles, hector, odysseus, athena, ares, paris. Well, the first place you could look is the enotes summary on homer s iliad. When an old mans killed and the dogs go at the gray head and the gray beard. The poem has already established the characters of agamemnon, proud and headstrong, and achilles, mighty but.
Book xxii thus the trojans in the city, scared like fawns, wiped the sweat from off them and drank to quench their thirst, leaning against the goodly battlements, while the achaeans with their shields laid upon their shoulders drew close up to the walls. She has a masters degree in linguistics and is a former latin teacher. Litcharts assigns a color and icon to each theme in the iliad, which you can use to track the themes throughout the work. The iliad sparknotes literature guide series by sparknotes. If that sounds too circular, then just bear in mind that the iliad is an extremely long narrative poem, which deals with the heroic actions of mortals, gods, and demigods. Diores is struck by a rock thrown by pirous and speared, and pirous is speared as he springs away from his kill. Homer s epic poem the iliad begins in the ninth year of the trojan war, a conflict between the achaeans and the city of troy.
Reed college humanities 110 outline of homers iliad. By the end of book 2, homer has introduced all of the iliad s major characters on the greek sidehis catalog of the trojan troops at the end of book 2 leads naturally into an introduction of the trojan leadership in book 3. Apollo watches the battle from above, and cries out for the trojans to fight back, noting that achilles is not fighting. The iliad summary in the tenth year of the trojan war, tensions are running high among the achaians a superancient name for the ancient greeks. First, the priest chryses comes to ask their leader, king agamemnon, to release his daughter, whom agamemnon was holding captive. The iliad is a classic and the reason it is so is because it is so applicable to all of us. Read book 22 death of hector of the iliad by homer. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of the iliad and what it means. As hector and polydamas try to storm the ramparts, they see an omen, an eagle holding a bloody serpent in its talons. To repay the indignity chryses has suffered, apollo, the mouse god, rains arrows of plague on the greek forces for 9 days.
The ancient greek poet homer established the gold standard for heroic quests and sweeping journeys with his pair of classic epic poems, the iliad and the odyssey. It is thought to describe characters and legends traditionally dated to the 12th century bce, passed down orally, and then written by a poet or bard identified as homer who lived during the. In this section, andromache fears the consequences of hectors courage and begs him to take a more defensive approach to the war. Chapter summary for homers the iliad, book 6 summary. She says that she will focus on homers language and his narrative style in my own experience, she accomplishes a great deal more, bringing out meanings and connections that cast book 22 in an entirely fresh light and reveal this books close connections to the iliad as a whole. Achilles chases the man he believes to be agenor, but soon apollo reveals himself to achilles, taunting him for chasing a god. You may copy it, give it away or reuse it under the terms of the project gutenberg license included with this ebook or online at. Now the other gods and the armed warriors on the plain slept soundly, but jove was wakeful, for he.
The iliad is an epic poem by homer that tells the story of several weeks in the last year of the decadelong trojan war in the greek camp, agamemnon and achilles, the greeks. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. There they made ready their supper, and then bethought them of the blessed boon of sleep. Check out our revolutionary sidebyside summary and analysis. Created by harvard students for students everywhere, sparknotes is a new breed of study guide. Get a detailed summary and analysis of every chapter in the book from. Agamemnon, the leader of the achaean forces, takes chryseis as his prize, and achilles, the achaeans greatest warrior, claims briseis. Summary and analysis of book 22 of homers iliad, with a focus on the duel between hector and achilles. The iliad sparknotes literature guide sparknotes literature guide series by homer. The serpent bites the eagle, which releases it from its grip. Completed during 2004 and 2005, this translation of book xxii of homers iliad moves the tradition of classic greek and latin translation into the realm of experimental american poetry. The trojan war, as youll know from the backstory section of our summary of book 1, involved a massive army of achaians a. A plague has overcome the greek armies because agamemnon has refused to return the daughter of a priest of apollo.
Study 22 terms english iliad book 1 flashcards quizlet. Nine years after the start of the trojan war, the greek achaean army sacks chryse, a town allied with troy. Chryses, priest of apollo, comes to the greek camp to ransom his daughter, chryseis, held captive by agamemnon. Homers iliad begins nine years after the greek armies first arrived at troy. The iliad takes place in the tenth year of the trojan war. Homer doesnt just celebrate honor and glory in the iliad, he also explores their costs. Iliad book vi cambridge greek and latin classics barbara graziosi. Check out our revolutionary side byside summary and analysis. The iliad is an ancient greek epic poem by homer that was first published in 762 bc. See a complete list of the characters in the iliad and indepth analyses of achilles, agamemnon, and hector. Thus the trojans in the city, scared like fawns, wiped the sweat from off them and drank to quench their.
In the very first line of the iliad, the poet addresses the muse, who inspires him with song, and asks her to sing through him the story of the wrath of the son of peleus, aka achilles. Information on the first book of the iliad of homer. Odysseus and diomedes kill dolon, twelve thracians, and then the thracian king, yet in reporting events afterwards, odysseus refers to only thirteen killings, dolon being the thirteenth. But hector did deadly fate ensnare to abide there where he was in front of. Good translations abound but robert fitzgeralds in the oxford world classics series is a good read with handy notes and maps. If homer puts on the role of his hero, this speech habit comes with it. The sons of the achaeans shouted applause at the words of diomed, and presently nestor rose to speak. Sparknotes and a great selection of related books, art and collectibles available now at. The assembly now broke up and the people went their ways each to his own ship. Under the achaean assault, the trojans are forced back.
Home english literature classic books the iliad navigate here note book i book ii book iii book iv book v book vi book vii book viii book ix book x book xi book xii book xiii book xiv book xv book xvi book xvii book xviii book xix book xx book xxi book xxii book xxiii book xxiv. Grendel sparknotes literature guide by john gardner making the reading experience fun. The iliad begins with the poet calling on the muse to sing of the wrath of achilleus and its consequences. When last we left the story at the end of book 2 of homer s the iliad, the achaean forces, which had been camped outside the walls of troy for nine long years trying to defeat. Jul, 2016 summary and analysis of book 22 of homer s iliad, with a focus on the duel between hector and achilles. Homer finishes the book with descriptions of two deaths. The paperback of the the iliad sparknotes literature guide series by sparknotes. Homer s iliad begins nine years after the greek armies first arrived at troy. The first scene of the iliad finds chryses, the priest of apollo god of the sun and a whole lot of other stuff, approaching the achaian camp to ask for his daughter back. Apollos priest chryses comes to the achaian camp and asks to ransom back his daughter chryseis, who has been captured. Find helpful summaries and analyses for every chapter in homers the iliad. Thus the trojans in the city scared like fawns wiped the sweatfrom off them and drank to quench their thirst leaning against thegoodly battlements. Gill is a freelance classics and ancient history writer.
Now the other princes of the achaeans slept soundly the whole. He is insulted and sent away, and apollo sends a plague on the greeks. Polydamas takes this as a sign that the trojan assault will fail, but hector ignores his advice, saying, fight for your countrythat is the best, the only omen. This is a long and complex book but the key chapters for the action are 1, 6, 9, 16, 18, 22, and 24. The project gutenberg ebook of the iliad, by homer this ebook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever. Oct, 2017 the iliad book summary in under five minutes. A quarrel in olympusminerva goes down and persuades fandarus to violate the oaths by wounding menelaus with an arrowagamemnon makes a speech and sends for machaonhe then goes about among his captains and upbraids ulysses and sthenelus, who each of them retort fiercelydiomed checks sthenelus, and the two hosts then engage, with great slaughter on either side. This contains a book by book summary and analysis of homer s epic poem. Quite a few comments have been posted about the iliad. Homer s epic poem the iliad tells the story of the trojan war and the epic heroes and gods, including achilles, hector, odysseus, athena, ares, paris. The point is, now that you know what the things are, its high time we jumped into the middle of them.
During the battle, the achaeans capture a pair of beautiful maidens, chryseis and briseis. Heres where youll find analysis about the poem as a whole. In the tenth year of the trojan war, tensions are running high among the achaians a superancient name for the ancient greeks. Achilles, the epics central character, exposes this fact and confronts the king. Rodents do spread plague, so the association between a divine mouse function and delivering plague makes sense, even if the greeks werent completely aware of the connection. The iliad is attributed to homer, although we dont know for sure who wrote it. Achilles is angered that apollo has prevented him from gaining more glory, and begins running. Achilles is not only the one who addresses patroclus most often over the course of the iliad. Willcocks, a companion to the iliad is the way to go.181 510 1503 1303 1431 1395 594 731 1023 707 1238 513 1001 1434 431 221 1217 397 221 1029 1033 81 54 562 353 1066 297 382 1044 362 1192 48 429 328 35 135 1238 159 403 1146 180 1084 1208 1276 306